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Salbutamol.

Structure

- 5 mg - Salbutamol Sulphate IP equivalent to Salbutamol IP.

Without a Prescription

Salbutamol is prescribed for use in the routine management of chronic bronchospasm unresponsive to conventional therapy, and in the treatment of acute severe asthma.

Dosage

Salbutamol is for inhalation use only, to be inhaled in through the mouth via a suitable nebulizer, as instructed by a physician. The solution should not be injected or swallowed. Salbutamol may be administered intermittently or continuously.
Salbutamol`s duration of action is 4-6 hours in most patients.

Intermittent Administration
Adults
Salbutamol 0.5 ml should be diluted to a final volume of 2 ml with sterile normal saline. This may be increased to 1 ml, diluted to a final volume of 2.5 ml. The resulting solution is inhaled from a suitably driven nebulizer until aerosol generation ceases. When using a correctly matched nebulizer and driving source, this should take about 10 minutes.

Salbutamol may be prescribed undiluted for intermittent administration. For this, 2 ml of Salbutamol is placed in the nebulizer and the patient allowed to inhale the nebulized solution until bronchodialation is achieved. This usually takes 3-5 minutes.
Some adult patients may require higher doses of salbutamol up to 10 mg, in which case, nebulization of the undiluted solution may continue until aerosol generation ceases.

Children
The same mode of administration for intermittent administration is also applicable to children. The minimum starting dosage for children below the age of 12 years is 0.5 ml, diluted to 2-2.5 ml with sterile normal saline. Some children may, however, require higher doses of salbutamol up to 5 mg. Intermittent treatment may be repeated up to four times daily.

Continuous Administration
Salbutamol is diluted with sterile normal saline to contain 50-100 mcg of salbutamol per ml (1-2 ml solution made up to 100 ml with diluents). The diluted solution is administered as an aerosol by a suitably driven nebulizer. The usual rate of administration is 1-2 mg per hour.

In infants below 18 months of age, the clinical efficacy of nebulized salbutamol is uncertain. As transient hypoxaemia may occur, supplemental oxygen therapy should be considered.

Contraindications

Although intravenous Salbutamol and, occasionally, Salbutamol tablets are prescribed in the management of premature labour uncomplicated by conditions such as:
- Toxaemia of pregnancy;
- Placenta praevia;
- Antepartum haemorrhage;
Inhaled Salbutamol preparations are not appropriate for managing premature labour.
Salbutamol preparations should not be used for threatened abortion.

Salbutamol is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components.

Form

Bottle of 15 ml

Prescription drugs without a script
Prescription drugs no script
Prescription drugs no prescription
Prescription drugs without a prescription
RX no RX
RX without RX
2004 - 2017